How is oil transported?

How is oil transported?

How is oil transported?

On land: oil pipelines, trains and trucks An oléoduc, or pipeline in English, is a pipeline allowing carry the oil. The most imposing reaches up to 122 cm in diameter and up to more than 1,600 km in length. He can thus cross several countries.

What is the name of the ship that carried the oil?

the oil circulates on board specific vessels, tankersA tanker (or tanker) is a vessel used for the transportation bulk liquids, in large tanks (or tanks)… . In 2013, the total capacity of the fleet oil world was 490 million tonnes for around 11,000 tankers.

How Is Oil Recovered?

The extraction of oil (or gas) is carried out via wells drilled in the rock-reservoir, which channel the oil to treatment facilities located on the surface: the oil springs naturally when the pressure of the deposit is high, but a pump must be installed afterwards …

How to treat oil?

This operation is carried out at high temperature (500°C), in the presence of a catalyst (substance promoting chemical reactions). This treatment makes it possible to obtain heavy fuel oils. Light diesel, heavy diesel and also some kerosene are improved by hydrodesulphurization.

What is the cost of transporting oil?

The cost of transporting oil to the consumer (including storage) accounts on average for 6% to 7% of the final price of fuel at the pump in France. To follow the shortest possible routes and thus reduce transport costs, oil tankers use straits and other strategic crossing points.

How to transport oil?

Transportation of oil by land. For economic, geographical or political reasons, it may be preferable to oilUnrefined oil. overland travel. It then uses pipelinesPipeline intended to transport oil or refined petroleum products over long distances (on land or at sea).

What are the different types of oil transport?

Transportation of oil by land. For economic, geographic or political reasons, it may be preferable for the oil to travel overland. It then borrows oil pipelines, specific pipes that connect ports, refineries and places of consumption.

What is the role of oil in maritime transport?

Oil has a central place in maritime transport: it constituted nearly 30% of the tonnage of the world merchant navy in 2013 (3). The transport of oil by sea is very flexible, the routes of the routes can be adjusted.