How was philosophy born?
The philosophy not’is not born strictly speaking in Greece, but in the Greek colonies of Asia Minor. VS’is in Miletus that a line of physicists, often called Ionians because of their origin, began to speculate, from the beginning of the sixth century BC.
philosophy 1. Set of conceptions bearing on the principles of beings and things, on the role of man in the universe, on God, on history and, in general, on all the great problems of metaphysics.
Ancient Greece: cradle of philosophy The first thinkers, called the pre-Socratics, were basically scientists. Their critical spirit and their questioning of science planted the roots of what we define today as the philosophy. Its founder is Socrates.
Historical. The story of the philosophy begins, in the West, in the world of Greek antiquity, around the 7th century BC. J. -C.
Definitions The Greek definition of philosophy is well known: it comes from the Greek philo (love) and sophia (wisdom), in other words love of wisdom. Among the Ancients, philosophy is a science, that of rational knowledge, it has become among the Moderns synonymous with questioning the nature of man and its meaning.
The method of philosophy is therefore often inspired by that of science or mathematics. Finally, with regard to the theory of knowledge, it is traditional to distinguish two major currents: rationalism (with Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza) and empiricism (Hume and Locke).
Its purpose is to create new certainties and to correct false evidence, illusions and errors of common sense or of philosophy itself. Socrates, for example, questioned his contemporaries and the sophists in order to show them their contradictions and their inability to justify what seemed obvious to them.
What is philosophy?, article by Jean-François Dortier on the eponymous book by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. What is philosophy?, extract from the Bulletins de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris Year 1890 Volume 1 Number 1.