Is silicon a metal?
the silicon metalas mentioned above, is a component of aluminum alloys and it is used by the chemical industry for the production of silicones.
In the natural state, the silica crystalline (and in particular quartz) is present in many rocks (sandstone, granite, sand, etc.). Therefore the silica crystalline is present in many products such as concretes, mortars, facade coatings…
The silica se present either under shape non-molecular crystals formed tetrahedral SiO4 units linked together by the oxygen atoms in a regular way, as in quartz, either under shape amorphous, as in glass. The silica serves as a raw material for obtaining silicon.
In fact, the silicon isby nature, mineral. It becomes organic when it is attached to a carbon atom, which is the case when it has been integrated into a living organism such as plants. Thus, in horsetail, we find these two forms of silicon.
the silicon is the most abundant electropositive element in the earth’s crust. VS’is a metalloid with a marked and very brittle metallic luster. Its compounds are usually quadrivalent, though sometimes bivalent, and it is purely electropositive in its chemical behavior.
The silica is present either in the form of non-molecular crystals formed of SiO4 tetrahedral units bonded together by the oxygen atoms in a regular manner, as in quartz, or in amorphous form, as in glass. The silica serves as a raw material for obtaining silicon.
Silicon metal is often considered essential to meet the objectives of transition to a low-carbon economy. Its uses offer numerous possibilities for increasing energy efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transport, energy and digital sectors.
Silicon metal is hardly ever recycled in a long loop, that is to say by the treatment of products reaching the end of their life. In the aluminum recycling sector, it may involve non-functional recycling, where the Si atoms trapped in the mass are diluted in other alloys.
In nature, silicon is mainly found in the form of silicon dioxide, silica. We speak of silicates to designate the minerals in which silica is combined with metal oxides.
However, its metallic appearance and its significant use in aluminum alloys mean that it is called “silicon metal” when it is in fragments with a purity greater than 96%. Poorly conductive of electricity, it is classified in the family of metalloids alongside boron, germanium, arsenic, antimony, and tellurium.