What are the main ideas of Romanticism?
Themes main and principles of romanticism
- melancholy, nostalgia, passions, the suffering self (the expression of personal feelings → lyricism, elegy),
- nature, ruins, the taste for solitude, the desire to escape, travel and dreams,
- the story,
- The death.
- Evil of the century and melancholy.
- Revolt and society
- Infinity and nothingness.
- The dream and reverie.
- The East.
We generally find, in the literary text, a set of themes, linked or not. A story can deal with friendship, love, betrayal, suicide, courage, etc. Some are more important than others, are then some major themes.
But romanticism is also opposed to enlightenment rationalism. He seeks to affirm his heightened sensitivity and his exaltation of the soul, nature becomes a refuge for man and drives him to creation. The first generation corresponds to the birth of romanticism and is linked to the revolution of which it expresses the first disillusions.
Romanticism is built in opposition to classicism. It is a literary movement that advocates the exaltation of feelings, sensitivity and the search for freedom. Romanticism was not born in France. It is an artistic movement that appeared in Germany and England at the end of the 18th century.
Romanticism promotes the mixing of genres in the same room. Victor Hugo, in La Préface de Cromwell recommends mixing the sublime and the grotesque. ♦ The quest for freedom extends to life: romantic authors like Lamartine and Victor Hugo engage in politics for freedom.
You must select at least one value. In the literary sense of the term, Romanticism was a veritable cultural revolution that arose in England and Germany at the end of the 18th century, in reaction against the classical ideal and French rationalism.