What are the necessary conditions for the validity of a scientific theory?
- What are the necessary conditions for the validity of a scientific theory?
- What are the criteria for defining a science?
- What criterion makes it possible to substantiate that knowledge is scientific?
- What is the purpose of a theory?
- What is the role of a theory?
- What is the conspiracy theory?
- What is Skinner’s Theory?
For only one theory be considered part of established knowledge, it is usually necessary that it produces a critical experience, that is to say an experimental result that cannot be predicted by another theory established.
2. The criteria scientificity
- Evaluation of the coherence of the theoretical system.
- Highlighting the logical form of the theory.
- Comparison to other theories.
- Empirical tests.
A scientific knowledge is a knowledge that starts from the principle of the analysis of real and scientifically proven facts. To be recognized as scientific knowledgeinformation or knowledge must go through observations and experiments that will attest to its veracity.
Whether simple or complex, the theories aim to explain a set of phenomena Y. In a problem like yours, explaining consists in showing why a particular X (your VI) is the cause of Y (your DV ).
The role of a theory is to explain a set of phenomena. In the human sciences, theories answer the question “Why do people do or think this or that?”.
You’ve all heard at least one conspiracy theory: Michael Jackson is still alive, Americans have never been to the moon, we control what we think, etc. Even though sometimes these theories are crazy, some have happened to be true, here is an example with 25 conspiracy theories: 25.
This theory explains how individuals and animals acquire new behaviors (Y). For Skinner, the social and physical environment (X) is the cause of these behaviors. According to him, this phenomenon is present in almost all animals.