Who created scientism?
Origin of the term. The term ” scientism appears at the turn of the 19th to the 20th century, the author Romain Rolland having used it in his play Les loups.
scientism Philosophical opinion, from the end of the 19th century, which affirms that science enables us to know the totality of the things which exist and that this knowledge is sufficient to satisfy all human aspirations. (VS’is a form of positivism.) 2. Doctrine of Christian Science.
the positivism, as thought by Auguste Comte, is a variation of evolutionism in the sense that the notion of progress is at the center of History. The human being is progressing, and its history is a continual evolution towards the best in all areas (technology, science, philosophy).
Anything that can pretend scientist after a few years of science studies. This is how we see many people debiting anneries on the net or elsewhere under cover of this name.
the positivism is evolutionism through science. For the positivismhuman progress is such that everything can be explained by the discoveries of the 6 basic sciences (chemistry, physics, biology, mathematics, astronomy, sociology).
The term “technocracy” was not used to designate a type of government by technical decision-making until 1932, when it was taken up by the technocratic movement which during the 1930s enjoyed significant notoriety and significant membership.
The very term “technocracy” has its origins in the 1920s, with industrialization, the economic crisis and the Great Depression; but the corresponding notion has deep roots in Western culture and history.
Among the characteristic and recurring features of the notion of technocracy, we find the emphasis on the competence and methods of the technician and the scientist, identified with the notions of rigor and rationality.
Scientism nevertheless has its roots in much earlier philosophies, including: in the 19th century, the Saint-Simonian ideology, which advocated the scientific reorganization of society, as well as the positivism of Auguste Comte. Thus, Friedrich Hayek sees in the École Polytechnique the “source of scientistic pride”.