Who invented romanticism?
- Who invented romanticism?
- What are the social and political attitudes of French romantic writers?
- What are the forms of romanticism?
- What is the origin of romanticism?
- What is the difference between romanticism and the classical tradition?
- What is the first period of Romanticism?
- What are the elements of French romanticism?
- What are the principles of romanticism?
In France, the movement romantic is worn by François-René de Chateaubriand, Madame de Staël then Victor Hugo. VS’is the cult of feeling, often lyrical, who dominated. The leader of romanticism French in the pictorial field is Eugène Delacroix.
Freedom Politicsfirst: even conservatives (like Chateaubriand), the romantic lead the fight against censorship and participate in the victory of the Trois Glorieuses against the regime of Charles X. Moral freedom, then: they thumb their noses at the bourgeois order.
If it were necessary, in the final analysis, to single out two major genres in which the romanticism triumphed, it would undoubtedly be lyric poetry (Lamartine, Musset) and drama (Hugo).
the romanticism finds its origin in the upheavals of sensibility in the 18th century. Alongside the rationalist current of the Enlightenment develops a sensitive current which flourishes with Rousseau whose novel La Nouvelle Héloïse, published in 1762, manifests the primacy given to feelings and emotion.
It opposes the classical tradition and the rationalism of the Enlightenment, and aims at a liberation of the imagination and the language. Romanticism favors in particular the expression of the self and the themes of nature and love.
The first period of romanticism () develops in opposition to neoclassicism ().
French romanticism is particularly varied and vigorous in its manifestations, since it is embodied in painting, music, history, politics, literary criticism, theater, poetry, novels, essays, memoirs, etc.
Main themes and principles of romanticism melancholy, nostalgia, passions, the suffering self (the expression of personal feelings → lyricism, elegy), nature, ruins, the taste for solitude, the desire to escape, the travel and dream,