Who transcribed the Quran?
- Who transcribed the Quran?
- How is the Quran structured?
- When the Quran came down?
- What is a JUZ in the Quran?
- Why was the Quran sent down?
- Which angel sent down the Quran?
- Which surah was revealed first?
- What are the chapters of the Quran?
- How was the Quran written?
- What is the Quran?
- What is the period of establishment of the Quran?
This collection work was directed by one of Muhammad’s scribes, the Medinan Zaïd b. Thabit. On Abu Bakr’s death, these first pages of the Koran were transmitted to Omar, who became caliph (634-644), then to his daughter Hafsa, one of Muhammad’s widows.
the Quran is divided into 114 suras (chapters), themselves divided into verses, ordered from longest to shortest. It contains two periods: Mecca (612-622), then that of Medina (622-632). But, the written Arabic language of the time is little used and incomplete.
On the night of Al-Qadr, God sent down the Koran in one block, from its womb to the first heaven.
One juz‘ (Arabic: جُزْءْ, plural أَجْزَاءْ, ‘a’jzā’, literally ‘part’ or ‘portion’) is one of the thirty parts in which the Koran is sometimes divided.
Ibn Fūraq says: ‘It is said that at-Tawrāt went down globally, because it descended on a prophet who could write and read, namely Mūsā; while God sent down the Koran in a fragmented way, because it went down without being written about an illiterate prophet’.
Gabriel (archangel) Gabriel (archangel) – Wikipedia.
The first one sura revealed is the sura 96. The sura 1, well known to Muslims who often learn it by heart, would have summer the fifth revealed, according to Islamic tradition. The first one surathe Fatiha is very short. It presents itself as an invocation and is recited during each prayer.
The Koran is divided into chapters, called “suras”, 114 in number, the first of which is called Al Fatiha (sometimes translated as “the introductory”, “the prologue”, “the opening”, or even “the mother of the book “).
Biographers (all writing more than 100 years after Muhammad’s death) claim memorization of the entire Quran by many companions. The text was then written on sheets (sahifa). Once completed and checked by the companions of Muhammad, these sheets were entrusted to the custody of Abu Bakr.
It is now accepted that the Koran is a “composite body of texts compiled or written by different authors, set in the last years of the seventh century, during the reign of the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik (685-705), a true organizer of the empire and who made Islam his official religion.
The period of establishment of the Koran is, according to Muslim sources, a period of great violence and civil wars. Civil wars, violent repressions, massacres are well attested up to the Abbasids.