Why is oil a source of conflict?
The Conflicts related to oil may result from the presence of oil over several territories or simply the desire to control more and more regions containing oil on which many states are dependent, they can go as far as wars.
the oil results from the thermal degradation of organic matter contained in certain rocks: source rocks. They are fossilized remains of aquatic or terrestrial plants, bacteria and microscopic animals accumulating at the bottom of oceans, lakes or in deltas.
The cost of transporting oil to the consumer (including storage) accounts on average for 6% to 7% of the final price of fuel at the pump in France. To follow the shortest possible routes and thus reduce transport costs, oil tankers use straits and other strategic crossing points.
Transportation of oil by land. For economic, geographic or political reasons, it may be preferable for the oil to travel overland. It then borrows oil pipelines, specific pipes that connect ports, refineries and places of consumption.
Transportation of oil by land. For economic, geographical or political reasons, it may be preferable to oilUnrefined oil. overland travel. It then uses pipelinesPipeline intended to transport oil or refined petroleum products over long distances (on land or at sea).
The transport of oil by sea is very flexible, the routes of the routes can be adjusted. However, land transport remains unavoidable, in particular to access countries without direct access to the sea.