Why is the water not drinkable in India?
150 million Indians have indeed still not access. Indian groundwater is also threatened with depletion. They are polluted by intensive agriculture which consumes 90% of thewater extracted. They are also overexploited: 19 million wells have been drilled.
Agriculture: a major consumer ofwater Crop irrigation iswithout a doubt, the agricultural activity that uses the greatest quantity ofwater. Today, with nearly 20% of irrigated land (310 million ha) in the world (5% in Africa and 35% in Asia), nearly 40% of the world’s food is produced.
Face the drying up of groundwater, the government is moving towards seawater desalination. daily lengthen.
To improve water distribution, India must first renovate a dilapidated network, strewn with leaks and illegal connections, which is struggling to keep up with the unruly growth of cities.
Whether in the city or in the countryside, the Indians have no other alternative than to store water for the day! In town, the rich and middle classes invest in small reservoirs equipped with pumps that they install on the roofs of buildings.
Problem of water quality in Indian cities It is relatively difficult to obtain information regarding the quality of water supplied in cities. 75% of the Indian population still lives in rural areas. In Indian cities, water does not flow 24 hours a day from the tap.
Many streams and rivers in India are polluted. The water is very often unsuitable for drinking but also for swimming. The quality of the surface waters of certain rivers is very worrying, and demographic and industrial growth are likely to worsen the situation in the years to come, if nothing effective is undertaken.