Why mathematics in medicine?
Whether to compare the effects of different drugs or placebos, to determine an ideal body mass index or to quantify the reliability of a screening test, the use of statistical and probabilistic reasoning is essential in medicine.
But the link between mathematics and nature is much deeper: mathematics is often essential to the understanding of phenomena and it makes it possible to make unexpected predictions that will only be observed much later. Here are two fascinating examples.
Beyond their fascinating beauty, we can also see mathematical objects in them, since the spirals of the sunflower flower follow a famous numerical sequence called the Fibonacci sequence, the snowflakes present particular hexagonal symmetries and the morphology of the fern describes a fractal geometry.
Conversely, mathematics is used to understand the phenomena that surround us: it is for example thanks to differential equations that we can precisely calculate the trajectories of the stars or predict the weather in a few days.
Whether mathematics is just a representation that makes nature intelligible to study or whether it is its true language, this nature never ceases to fascinate, and it will certainly continue to do so for a long time.