The term Mesopotamia, which means “land between the rivers”, designates the floodplain which extends between the Tigris and the Euphrates (current Iraq). When these streams overflowed with their life, they submerged the land, depositing layers of fertile silt.
Located in the Fertile Crescent, in the Middle East, the Mesopotamia is a historical region of which today we would situate most of it at the level of present-day Iraq. Mesopotamia comes from the Greek terms “meso” (in the middle of) and “potamós” (river) and designates a land “between the rivers”.
During the centuries of classical and late antiquity, the Mesopotamia is dominated by empires founded by foreign dynasties: first the Achaemenid Persians (539-330 BC), then the Seleucid Greeks who succeed the conquests of Alexander the Great (330-141 BC).
Mesopotamia includes several cities called city-states, that is to say cities that have the same powers as a current country. It is able to make all its decisions independently of other territories.
She is totally sovereign. Mesopotamia includes several cities called city-states, that is to say cities that have the same powers as a current country. It is able to make all its decisions independently of other territories.
Mesopotamian custom gives him great authority over his family members, and it is he who directs the affairs of his household, which can function as an economic unit. At the city level, power is held by several characters or groups.
They remain the two lungs of the city until its decline in the 1st millennium BC. Like most of the large religious districts of the main Mesopotamian cities, they have a main temple and a ziggurat. In some cities, such as Nippur or Babylon, the sacred quarter may be protected by a wall.